Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with reductions in quality of life, functional status, cardiac performance, and overall survival.1 Catheter ablation, which is centered on electrical isolation of triggering foci within the pulmonary veins (PVI) through circumferential lesions around PV ostia, has been shown to result in sustained improvements in quality of life, decreased hospitalizations and, potentially, improved survival.2-4 PVI can be accomplished by percutaneous catheter-based thermo-coagulation (burning) with radiofrequency (RF) energy delivery or alternatively by thermo-cooling (freezing) with a cryoballoon catheter.5 Cryothermal ablation with a cryoballoon catheter offers an efficacious means to achieve PVI that is safer than the established technique. Although cryoballoon ablation has been used in clinical practice for sometime, the optimal duration of cryoballoon ablation has not been determined. Moreover, the biophysics of cryo-lesion formation suggests that repeated short freezes ("freeze-thaw-freeze" cycles) may be more efficacious in achieving deep homogenous lesion when compared to prolonged freezing durations. This grant proposal is to verify if repeated short freezing cycles are more efficacious (i.e., fewer recurrence of AF), and safer, than the established standard of long, single freeze cycles.
Visit ClinicalTrials.gov for more information.
Study Coordinators and Research Nurses cannot give medical advice over the phone. Telephone numbers and email addresses are provided for obtaining additional information on specific clinical research trials only. If you have specific questions which require clinical expertise, please call your primary care physician.