Research Study

Cryoballoon vs. Irrigated Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation: The Effect of Double Short vs. Standard Exposure Cryoablation Duration During Pulmonary Vein Isolation
Principal Investigator 
Jason Andrade


Body Locations and Systems 
Atrial Fibrillation 
Study Start/End 
Sep 11, 2013 to Jan 1, 2017
St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver General Hospital
Study Coordinator
Purpose of Study 

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with reductions in quality of life, functional status, cardiac performance, and overall survival.1 Catheter ablation, which is centered on electrical isolation of triggering foci within the pulmonary veins (PVI) through circumferential lesions around PV ostia, has been shown to result in sustained improvements in quality of life, decreased hospitalizations and, potentially, improved survival.2-4 PVI can be accomplished by percutaneous catheter-based thermo-coagulation (burning) with radiofrequency (RF) energy delivery or alternatively by thermo-cooling (freezing) with a cryoballoon catheter.5 Cryothermal ablation with a cryoballoon catheter offers an efficacious means to achieve PVI that is safer than the established technique. Although cryoballoon ablation has been used in clinical practice for sometime, the optimal duration of cryoballoon ablation has not been determined. Moreover, the biophysics of cryo-lesion formation suggests that repeated short freezes ("freeze-thaw-freeze" cycles) may be more efficacious in achieving deep homogenous lesion when compared to prolonged freezing durations. This grant proposal is to verify if repeated short freezing cycles are more efficacious (i.e., fewer recurrence of AF), and safer, than the established standard of long, single freeze cycles.


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